REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 1 OF 1965
EFF. MAY 25, 1965, 30 F.R. 7035, 79 STAT. 1317
Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the
House of Representatives in Congress assembled, March 25, 1965,
pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949, 63
Stat. 203, as amended (see 5 U.S.C. 901 et seq.).
BUREAU OF CUSTOMS
SECTION 1. ABOLITION OF OFFICES
All offices in the Bureau of Customs of the Department of the
Treasury of collector of customs, comptroller of customs, surveyor
of customs, and appraiser of merchandise to which appointments are
required to be made by the President, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, are abolished. The foregoing provisions
shall become effective with respect to each office abolished
thereby at such time, not later than December 31, 1966, as the
Secretary of the Treasury shall specify, but nothing herein shall
empower the Secretary to increase the term of any office beyond
that provided by law for such office or affect his authority under
the first paragraph under the heading ''TREASURY DEPARTMENT''
appearing in the Act of March 2, 1895 (ch. 187, 28 Stat. 844; 5
U.S.C. 252) (31 U.S.C. 309), to retain in office, prior to December
31, 1966, those persons whose offices are to be terminated under
this reorganization plan.
SEC. 2. TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS
There are transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury the
functions, if any, that have been vested by statute in officers,
agencies, or employees of the Bureau of Customs of the Department
of the Treasury since the effective date of Reorganization Plan No.
26 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1280).
SEC. 3. PRESERVATION OF REMEDIES
The abolition of offices herein shall not prejudice any right to
protest or to appeal to the United States Customs Court any action
taken in the administration of the customs laws.
SEC. 4. INCIDENTAL PROVISIONS
Consonant with section 4 of the Reorganization Act of 1949, as
amended (see 5 U.S.C. 904) and this reorganization plan, the
Secretary of the Treasury shall make such provisions as he shall
deem necessary respecting (1) the transfer or other disposition of
the records, property, personnel, and unexpended balances of
appropriations, allocations, and other funds, available or to be
made available, which are affected by a reorganization contained in
this reorganization plan; and (2) the winding up of the affairs of
any officer whose office is abolished by the provisions of this
MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT
To the Congress of the United States:
All that we do to serve the people of this land must be done, as
has been my insistent pledge, with the least cost and the most
In my state of the Union message, I announced it was this
administration's intention to ''reshape and reorganize'' the
executive branch. This goal had one objective: ''to meet more
effectively the tasks of today.''
I report today now one step taken forward toward that goal as
part of our progress ''on new economies we were planning to make.''
I submit today a plan for reorganization in the Bureau of Customs
of the Department of the Treasury.
At present the Bureau maintains 113 independent field offices,
each reporting directly to Customs headquarters in Washington, D.C.
Under a modernization program of which this reorganization plan is
an integral part, the Secretary of the Treasury proposes to
establish six regional offices to supervise all Customs field
activities. The tightened management controls achieved from these
improvements will make possible a net annual saving of $9 million
within a few years.
An essential feature will be the abolition of the offices of all
Presidential appointees in the Customs Service. The program cannot
be effectively carried out without this step.
The following offices, therefore, would be eliminated: Collectors
of customs, comptrollers of customs, surveyors of customs, and
appraisers of merchandise, to which appointments are now required
to be made by the President by and with the advice and consent of
Incumbents of abolished offices will be given consideration for
suitable employment under the civil service laws in any positions
in customs for which they may be qualified.
When this reorganization is completed, all officials and
employees of the Bureau of Customs will be appointed under the
civil service laws.
All of the functions of the offices which will be abolished are
presently vested in the Secretary of the Treasury by Reorganization
Plan No. 26 of 1950 which gives the Secretary power to redelegate
these functions. He will exercise this power as the existing
offices are abolished.
The estimate of savings that will be achieved by the program of
customs modernization and improvement, of which this reorganization
plan is a part, is based on present enforcement levels, business
volume, and salary scales. Of the amounts saved, approximately $1
million a year will be from salaries no longer paid because of the
abolition of offices.
The proposed new organizational framework looks to the
establishment of new offices at both headquarters and field levels
and abolition of present offices.
This results in a net reduction of more than 50 separate
principal field offices by concentration of supervisory
responsibilities in fewer officials in charge of regional and
district activities. In addition to the six offices of regional
commissioner, about 25 offices of district director will be
established. The regional commissioners and district directors
will assume the overall principal supervisory responsibilities and
functions of collectors of customs, appraisers of merchandise,
comptrollers of customs, laboratories, and supervising customs
At the headquarters level, four new offices will be established
to replace seven divisions. A new position of special assistant to
the Commissioner will be created and charged with responsibility
for insuring that all Customs employees conduct themselves in
strict compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Up to
now this function has been one of a number lodged with an existing
After investigation I have found and hereby declare that each
reorganization included in Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1965 is
necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes set forth in
section 2(a) of the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended.
It should be emphasized that abolition by Reorganization Plan No.
1 of 1965 of the offices of collector of customs, comptroller of
customs, surveyor of customs, and appraiser of merchandise will in
no way prejudice any right of any person affected by the laws
administered by the Bureau of Customs. The rights of importers and
others, for example, before the Customs Court, arising out of the
administration of such functions will remain unaffected. In
addition it should be emphasized that all essential services to the
importing, exporting, and traveling public will continue to be
This reorganization plan will permit a needed modernization of
the organization and procedure of the Bureau of Customs. It will
permit a more effective administration of the customs laws.
I urge the Congress to permit Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1965
to become effective. Lyndon B. Johnson.
The White House, March 25, 1965.